The roof is the most common place for solar PV panel installation. The bulk of roofs often meet the required specifications needed to give panels the most sunlight.
The solar panels could alternatively be put on the ground if roof installation is not feasible or desired. You just need to make sure that none is in the way of the sun.
The process for mounting solar cells on a roof is described below:
Set up Scaffolding
To ensure safety when completing the installation while on the roof, you must first erect scaffolding.
Install Solar Panel Mounts
The solar panel mounting system must then be fitted. The solar panels’ bottom will be supported by this. For maximum solar exposure, the full mounting structure must be inclined at an angle of 18 to 36 degrees.
Install the Solar Panels
The solar panel itself needs to be placed on the mounting structure after the mounts are set up. To keep it stable, make sure you tighten all the bolts and nuts.
Wire the Solar Panels
The installation of the electrical wire is the main path of the installation process. MC4 connectors are commonly utilized since they are suitable for every kind of solar panels. Make sure to turn off the home’s energy supply while connecting the wiring.
Install Solar Inverter
The system must then be connected to the solar inverter. Usually installed close to the main panel, it may be either indoors or outdoors. If kept in a colder climate, inverters operate more effectively.
If the inverter is outside, it needs to be protected from the hot sun. As they stay cool for the most of the year and provide ventilation, the garage or utility rooms are usually the ideal locations for placement indoors.
Bond Solar Inverter and Solar Battery
The solar battery must then be connected to the solar inverter. You won’t have to worry about running out of useful energy during cloudy days due to the solar battery storage, which can also help cut installation costs for solar battery storage systems.
To the consumer unit, connect the inverter.
To produce energy, the inverter must be connected to the consumer unit. To track the exact amount of electricity the solar panels create, a generation meter must also be connected. You can evaluate the efficacy of your solar system using a computer or other technology. For instance, you may pick the ideal time to use your washing machine or other utilities by analysing at how much electricity you generate at various times.
Start and Test Solar Panels
The newly installed solar panel system must be tested and switched on as the last phase. The installation of the solar cells is then complete.
Maintaining your solar panels is essential to ensure that they are performing at their optimal capacity and lifespan. Here are some suggestions for solar panel maintenance.
Keep your solar panels clean by removing any dust, dirt, and debris that may accumulate on them. This can be done with a soft brush or a squeegee and some soapy water. Avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive materials that can damage the surface of the panels.
Check for Damage
Inspect your solar panels periodically to check for any cracks, scratches, or other types of damage. If you see any damage, have the panels fixed or replaced by a professional.
Trim Surrounding Trees
Make sure that any surrounding trees or plants do not cast shadows on your solar panels. Shadows can reduce the efficiency of the panels and decrease their energy output.
Check the Wiring
Regularly check the wiring and connections of your solar panels to ensure that they are not loose or damaged. Loose connections can lead to reduced energy output and potential safety hazards.
Monitor the performance of your solar panels regularly to ensure that they are producing the expected amount of energy. If you notice any significant drops in output, contact a professional to diagnose and fix the issue.
By following these maintenance tips, you can help extend the lifespan of your solar panels and maximize their energy production.
How to maintain your solar panels
Fortunately, solar panels need little upkeep to remain functional effectively and providing your home with solar energy. Cleaning is the most regular sort of required maintenance for your panels. Specifically after storms or extended dry spells, dirt and debris can amass on your panels. By regularly cleaning, you can get rid of this waste and make sure your solar panels get the ideal amount of sunlight.
An annual maintenance is the other type of maintenance you are likely to perform on your solar panels. A professional will visit your home to check your solar panels as part of a solar panel inspection to make sure everything is functioning as it should. This professional is often a member of your solar panel installation.
If and when you find a problem with your solar panels or that they aren’t producing energy as they should, you can simply book any extra maintenance visits as necessary.
The majority of people who own homes yearly get their solar panels cleaned and inspected by a professional. Hiring a professional specialist is simply safer because many solar panels are placed on the roof. The great news is that your cost of maintenance will be low even if you employ an expert.
The typical yearly maintenance costs of a solar panel system, according to Home Advisor, are roughly $450: $150 for an inspection once a year, and $150 for each of two cleanings (for a total of $300). If there is harm to your solar panel system or if you clean your panels more regularly as a result of dirt or debris gathering more quickly, your maintenance costs can be slightly higher.
Cleaning your solar panels is an essential part of maintaining their efficiency and output. Here are the steps you can take to clean your solar panels:
Check the weather
It’s best to clean your solar panels on a cloudy day or in the early morning or late afternoon when the sun is not directly overhead. Cleaning your solar panels when they are hot can cause the water to evaporate quickly and leave behind streaks.
Turn off the system
Before cleaning, turn off your solar panel system to avoid any potential electrical hazards.
Gently remove any debris or dirt from the surface of the panels using a soft-bristled brush or a leaf blower.
Rinse with water
Use a garden hose or a bucket of water to rinse the panels, starting from the top and working your way down.
Clean with soap solution
If there are any stubborn stains or marks, use a soap solution made with mild dish soap and water to gently scrub the affected area.
Rinse the panels again with clean water to remove any soap residue.
Let it dry
Allow the panels to dry naturally. Avoid using towels or cloths to dry the panels, as this can scratch the surface.